1.Before touching a patient
To minimize the risk of cross infection from the caregiver or health care practitioner to the patient whose immunity is lower.
2.Before a clean/aseptic procedures
To protect the patient and care provider from harmful germs.
3.After a procedure/after body fluid exposure
To protect the healthcare provider and its environment from germs.
4.After touching a patient
To protect the patient and yourself plus the environment from germs.
5.After touching a patient's surrounding
To protect the attendant against germs within the patient’s surrounding.