Geriatric Education


Gerontology nurse also known as geriatric nurse or gerontological nurse,specialize in holistic care of elderly population

The nurse plays a critical role in ensuring access of health care services and promotion of healthy aging to the aged.This gives the nurse the forefront of understanding the specific roles in order to provide holistic care.

Below are the different roles of a geriatric nurse.


The nurse plays a crucial role in ensuring the aged are treated with dignity,respect and their voices heard in decision making of health care services.Every elderly needs an geriatric nurse advocate to allow their interests and rights collaborated in the care.The responsibilities include:

  1. Promoting Patient Autonomy: Nurse advocates empower older adults to make informed decisions about their healthcare. They ensure that patients have access to information, support, and resources to exercise their right to autonomy.
  2. Ensuring Informed Consent: Nurse advocates explain medical procedures, treatments, and potential risks in a way that older patients can understand. They facilitate the informed consent process, ensuring that patients have the information needed to make decisions about their care.
  3. Respecting Dignity and Privacy: Advocates uphold the dignity and privacy of older adults by ensuring that they are treated with respect, that their personal information is kept confidential, and that they have the opportunity to maintain their personal hygiene and appearance.
  4. Supporting Transitions in Care: Nurse advocates assist older patients during transitions in care settings, such as hospital to home, and advocate for continuity of care and appropriate follow-up.
  5. Promoting Cultural Sensitivity: Advocates consider the cultural and individual needs of older patients and tailor care plans accordingly, respecting diverse backgrounds and beliefs.
  6. Advocating for Geriatric-Specific Care: Nurse advocates promote the importance of geriatric-specific care, emphasizing the unique needs of older adults and advocating for specialized services when necessary.


Advocates provide education to older adults and their families about their rights, available healthcare resources, and preventive measures to maintain health and well-being.

This therefore enhancing knowledge,skills and the overall wellbeing of the aged.The responsibilities include:

  1. Developing Educational Programs: Create educational programs and materials tailored to the unique needs of older adults. These programs may cover topics such as health promotion, disease prevention, medication management, and chronic disease self-management.
  2. Promoting Health Literacy: Focus on improving health literacy among older adults by providing clear and understandable information about their health conditions, treatment options, and self-care techniques.
  3. Empowering Self-Management: Encourage older adults to take an active role in managing their health. Provide guidance on setting health-related goals and developing action plans to achieve them.
  4. Promoting Preventive Care: Educate older adults about the importance of preventive care, including vaccinations, screenings, and regular check-ups, to maintain their health and prevent complications.
  5. Medication Education: Teach older adults about their medications, including proper dosages, administration techniques, and potential side effects. Emphasize the importance of medication adherence.
  6. Support for Caregivers: Educate family caregivers on how to provide safe and effective care for their elderly loved ones, addressing topics like wound care, mobility assistance, and emotional support.


The specific role of a nurse researcher is to promote evidenced based care through gaps identification in healthcare to improving the quality of care, promoting healthy aging, and addressing the unique healthcare needs of the elderly population.

Stay updated on emerging trends, technologies, and best practices in elderly care to inform future research priorities.

Develop research studies, including randomized controlled trials, observational studies, qualitative research, and other research methodologies, to investigate issues related to elderly care.

Nurse researchers assess the current state of knowledge in elderly care to identify gaps in research. They determine where further investigation is needed to improve care for older adults.


A geriatric nurse consultant is an experienced and highly skilled nurse who provides specialized expertise, guidance, and support to improve the quality of care and services for older adults in various healthcare settings. The responsibilities include:

  1. Assessment and Care Planning: Conduct comprehensive assessments of elderly patients to determine their physical, psychological, social, and environmental needs. Develop individualized care plans based on these assessments, focusing on promoting the well-being and quality of life of older adults.
  2. Clinical Expertise: Offer expert clinical knowledge in the management of complex health conditions commonly seen in the elderly, such as chronic diseases, cognitive impairments, and polypharmacy (multiple medications).
  3. Medication Management: Review and optimize medication regimens to ensure appropriate use, minimize potential side effects, and prevent drug interactions.
  4. Policy and Program Development: Contribute to the development of policies, programs, and guidelines related to elderly care, advocating for policies that promote quality care and support for older adults.
  5. Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Collaborate with interdisciplinary healthcare teams, including physicians, social workers, physical therapists, and occupational therapists, to ensure comprehensive and holistic care for older adults.


The leadership role held by a geriatric nurse to oversee other staffs provide care to the elderly.The responsibilities include:

  1. Leadership and Administration:
    • Provide strong leadership to the nursing team, fostering a positive and collaborative work environment.
    • Develop and enforce policies, procedures, and standards of care that meet regulatory requirements and promote the well-being of elderly residents.
  2. Staffing and Scheduling:
    • Recruit, hire, and retain nursing staff, including registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), certified nursing assistants (CNAs), and other healthcare professionals.
    • Develop and manage staffing schedules to ensure appropriate nurse-to-patient ratios and adequate coverage for all shifts.
  3. Quality Assurance and Improvement:
    • Monitor the quality of care provided to elderly residents, ensuring it aligns with best practices and regulatory standards.
    • Conduct regular assessments, audits, and performance evaluations to identify areas for improvement and implement corrective actions.
  4. Patient Care Coordination:
    • Oversee the coordination of care for elderly residents, including comprehensive assessments, individualized care planning, and ongoing evaluation of care plans.
    • Collaborate with healthcare providers, therapists, social workers, and other professionals to address the complex healthcare needs of older adults.
  5. Budget Management:
    • Develop and manage budgets for the nursing department, allocating resources efficiently and controlling costs while maintaining high-quality care.
  6. Safety and Infection Control:
    • Implement and enforce safety protocols and infection control measures to prevent accidents and healthcare-associated infections among elderly residents.
    • Address safety concerns promptly and provide staff with relevant training.
  7. Staff Development and Education:
    • Provide ongoing education and professional development opportunities for nursing staff, particularly in gerontology and elderly care.
    • Encourage staff to pursue certifications and training relevant to caring for older adults.
Geriatric Education Health Education


While herbs are mostly known for Traditional Medicine,several herbs have been studied and their potential uses are acknowledged.However,more research is still encouraged to understand in detail the mechanisms of such herbs.Below are the popular herbs and their potential uses.


There are two types of ginseng,American and Asian ginseng.

American Ginseng root, Panax quinquefolius” by USGS Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Program/ CC0 1.

contains ginsenosides , used as an anti aging antioxidant.

reduces stress and promotes a sense of wellbeing.

boosts body immune system ,fighting diseases.

used as an adaptogen,maintaining body’s energy levels and overall vitality.

PRECAUTION;can cause bleeding problems,hypoglycemia,insomnia,decrease in INR when used with Warfarin.

The effectiveness of ginseng varies with the type used,method of preparation,dose and other individual factors,that said its advisable to consult your medical practitioner before use.


Free garlic, cloves on mat“/ CC0 1.0
Garlic purple head“/ CC0 1.0

aids in maintaining a healthy digestive system.

contains antibacterial and antiviral properties that aids in infections control.

used as a detox by removing harmful toxins from the body system.

promotes bone health by increasing bone density and reducing risk of osteoporosis.

reduces cholesterol levels and blood pressure,reducing risk of cardiovascular diseases.

has anti inflammatory properties.


Hypericum perforatum L.” by E. M. Meyer and E. Haug/ CC0 1.0

also known as Hypericum perforatum.

a herbal supplement best known for mood related and mental health disorders.used to manage mild to moderate depression by increasing serotonin levels.

Used to relieve menopausal symptoms.

useful for sleep disorders,obsessive-compulsive disorders{OCD},Attention deficit Hyperactivity Disorder {ADHD},neuropathy,Seasonal Affective Disorder{SAD}

PRECAUTIONS;St John’s Wort interacts with various medications which can lead to a potentially harmful drug antidepressants,anticoagulants,birth control pills.

Always consult your healthcare consultant before,for appropriate guidance on usage.


Echinacea Flower” by Skitter Photo/ CC0 1.0

Stimulates the production of immune cells enhancing body’s defense mechanism against infections.used as a natural immune booster during common cold and other respiratory infections.

Ointments or creams may be applied on wounds,skin irritations to promote wound healing and reduce inflammation.

used for mouth care to reduce symptoms of gingivitis.

used for urinary tract infections,ear infections.

PRECAUTION;Consult your healthcare provider if using


White turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria) illustration from Medical Botany (1836) by John Stephenson and James Morss Churchill.“/ CC0 1.0

Has a yellow spice, derived from the root of Curcuma longa plant.

used as an anti inflammatory-age related diseases ie heart diseases,arthritis.

used as antioxidants by neutralizing harmful free radicals in the body.

used to promote liver health,skin health,digestive health,

may be used to manage pain associated with arthritis,musculoskeletal conditions.

Curcumin aids to regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity therefore preventing type 2 diabetes


Rosemary shrub, fresh herbs” by U.S. Department of Agriculture/ CC0 1.0

Rosemary oil is used to promote hair growth and reduce hair.

reduces wrinkles and skin aging signs

alleviates signs of indigestion improving gut health

improved memory and cognitive function

While these herbs may have potential uses as stated,it is important to note that,several studies are still encouraged to fully demonstrate their effective mechanism.seeking medical consultation is highly recommended to avoid dangerous interactions.

Geriatric Education

Tips to Healthy Aging

Its a gift to get old

Aging is inevitable. Some of us are found ready while others get in by surprise. The fact remains everyone is responsible for how they age.

We believe you can age like fine wine if you take care of yourself and follow the tips below.

1.Be ready to age.

As days go by, there your cells grow. Your biological and physiological processes never stops at any stage of your life until death. For Every birthday you celebrate count it graciously, Remind yourself that you are aging, that your years are increasing, that your body is changing in every way. Engage your mind every day to prevent future psychological age related disorders

make merry of the life you have now

2.Eat healthy

Diet plays a major role in how our body is built. Eating a healthy and balanced diet helps the body to get enough nutrients it requires to function and grow.

Proper nutrition aids in controlling weight, prevention of diseases like Hypertension, heart diseases, osteoporosis, cancer and also diabetes.

Nutrient rich feeds are advised, for every healthy lifestyle To include Fruits and vegetables ,fat free diet,

Protein’s to include sea food, poultry lean meat, cereals and nuts. Whole grains like brown rice, oat meal. Avoid calories in soda, alcohol, fries.bigstock-Fruits-And-Vegetables-36840977

While maintaining the healthy diet ensure good hydration, drink enough liquids. Aging comes with a lose of sense of thirst , therefore its advisable to be keen and keep a track on hydration. Have a jar or a bottle specific for the same in a common and particular place where you can always remember to drink.

3.Maintain a Healthy weight.

Age and weight are core anthropometric measurements. As you age the body changes. Healthy weight is a Body mass index(BMI)that is normal or healthy ranged, measured based on your weight and height.

To ensure healthy weight you need to ensure healthy eating. Keep track of your BMI to ensure its not lower or above the normal range.

Overweight risks diseases like kidney disease, high blood cholesterol, cardiac diseases, type 2 diabetes. Underweight is also a risk as it predispose to low immunity and weak bone or bone loss.

4.Maintain Physical Activity

As everyone is unique, before engaging in any type of physical activity, ensure you consult your health care provider or a health care professional. Physical activity improves balance and muscle strength. Lowers the risk of heart diseases, anxiety and psychological problems.The health benefits of working out with a crowd


Engage in an activity that you like. Physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight.

All physical activities like walking, watering plants, dancing helps.

As you age, your body physique changes. and therefore the type of physical activity you engage in varies. Passive Range of motion is also effective to bed bound individuals.

5.Quit Smoking, Use of Alcohol and Tobacco

Trying to quit smoking and drinking at the same time is incredibly hard. Since most alcohol users tend to also smoke, smokers are also likely to use alcohol. It is therefore advisable you seek professional aid on how to quit gradually.

Although the recreational activities are pleasurable at the moment, they tend to have a long term effect on health of an individual.

Alcohol can lead to liver cirrhosis, cardiac diseases as well as kidney diseases, while smoking  causes cancer of the Lungs, esophagus, throat, colon, rectum etc.

Millions of individuals/addicts have successfully quit alcohol and smoking every year, therefore you can be one of them.

Get help in various addiction support groups







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